Scientists have argued for decades about whether people are herbivores or predators. Some say that human ancestors were only vegetarians, as evidenced by the structure of the teeth and digestive system. Meat became part of a human’s diet later; however, it is now losing ground again. Among today’s food trends, there is a steady rejection of some products that are believed to be harmful to the organism. Contrary to centuries-old traditions, meat is most often regarded as such a product. Some argue that the decision to become vegetarian is strictly ethical, others believe in the health benefits of such nutrition, and some see it as frugality. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast vegetarians’ and meat-eaters views.
People normally come to vegetarianism at a conscious age, which is why the commitment to the appropriate lifestyle becomes a topic of heated debate for young people very often. Meat eaters, in turn, also take a stand in these disputes and offer their equally good reasons for sticking to a varied diet. It is, therefore, not easy to stay aside, when the pros and cons of one or the other style of nutrition are discussed by both renowned doctors and simple social media bloggers. It is crucial, however, to look at the positives and negatives without trying to persuade the opponents, but at the same time, not to discourage the supporters. In fact, the discussion of the benefits or drawbacks of either of these diet choices is both useful and vital.
Arguments of Vegetarians and Meat-Eaters
The most common reasons to choose vegetarianism are personal preferences, religious beliefs, lifestyle, or health issues. For example, followers of Islam and Judaism are restricted in their eating choices and should avoid consuming meat. Besides, some people prefer vegetarianism because they are concerned about animal rights and the environment. For many other proponents of this nutrition style, however, this food system is mainly about the economy or getting fit.
There is a widespread belief that vegetarians are leaner and healthier than those who eat meat. A vegetarian diet can make a person thinner for it is a great way to cleanse the body. Furthermore, a complete withdrawal of meat can normalize metabolic processes; a plant-based diet, with the same caloric value as a meat diet, has metabolic benefits. However, meat-eaters might argue that eating meat contributes to losing weight. It provides the body with proteins, making people strong and full of energy that allows them to work out harder and tackle the problem of extra weight sooner.
Improving General Condition and Health
Another undeniable advantage of vegetarianism the supporters of this movement see is the improvement of physical condition and health. The intestinal microflora of people who eat meat and vegetarians is significantly different. By switching to plant-based foods, the intestines produce more healthy bacteria, while non-digestible fiber from vegetables helps prevent malignant tumors. Moreover, eliminating meat reduces the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, meat-eaters state that many vegetarians lack vitamins and minerals because it is hard and expensive to plan an appropriate vegetarian diet.
Ethical and Moral Reasons
Ethical issues of vegetarianism are directly related to the killing of a living creature.
This notion is about the conscious attitude of people to life, a high level of awareness. Furthermore, vegetarianism for this group of people is a broader concept since it is not just a particular way of eating but living. Meat-eaters oppose this viewpoint because it is impossible to exclude consuming animal products from one’s diet completely.
In conclusion, sensible, healthy, and balanced nutrition is the foundation of a wholesome lifestyle that improves performance and promotes longevity. However, everyone has their own definition of a sensible diet. After examining numerous arguments of the supporters of both styles of nutrition, many people conclude that vegetarianism is the only proper way to provide the body with everything it needs for an active lifestyle and to maintain the spiritual and environmental balance.