To Prevent Obesity, Are Calories, Carbohydrates, or Fat Grams the Enemy?

Obesity refers to a complex, chronic condition resulting from an interaction of the genetic pools of individuals and the environment. This perturbing condition that arises from a combination of multiple factors causes individuals to have a significant, high proportion of fats (Blackburn & Kanders 1). Obese patients end up being overweight, thus, creating the breeding ground for obesity dependant complications. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) released in 2008 indicates that close to 38% of adults and 19% of children between the ages of two and nineteen in the U.S, suffer from obesity (NHANES). The U.S Surgeon Generals Call to Action to prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity report released in 2001 found out energy imbalance as the root of overweight and obesity (Surgeon general…). Such a situation crops up when individuals consume excess calories that surpass the body’s metabolic requirements. Eventually, the excess ones end up as fat stores in the adipose tissues. In addition, to excess calorie consumption, the report also indicates that a lack of exercise to metabolize the excess calories contributes to energy imbalance. Calories come from the food people eat. Carbohydrates and fat grams contain high calories. In this regard, this research paper then posses the question: “To prevent obesity, are calories, carbohydrates or fat grams the enemy?”

I recall the experiences that I went through with my childhood friend who developed obesity despite having been amongst the skinniest forks of his age mates. He complained of getting tired after running for a few meters. It certainly became serious when, all over a sudden, he could not fit in his favorite track suite. After a series of tests, his doctor diagnosed him with obesity, a condition he had struggled with since then. Another compelling issue rests in the obese dependant complications such cardiovascular disorders, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, arthritis, stroke, gynecological, respiratory and hepatic problems. Eventually, obese patients have to come into terms with the detrimental consequences emanating from these complications despite some of them having no previous history of such complications. I am aspiring to conduct research and shade more light on the dietary factors contributing to obesity. As a Nutrition student, I am delighted to address this issue. I feel that Nutritionists should be on the forefront in the fight against obesity. Obesity, as a condition caused by complex, interrelated factors, calls for an in intense understanding of the dynamics behind it. Having the necessary knowledge on how diet can contribute to obesity is a monumental step in the fight against obesity. As a Nutrition student and a future Nutritionist, I am charged with the responsibility of contributing to the understanding of how diet contributes to obesity.

As stated earlier, obesity is a result of many interrelated factors including the genetic pool, lifestyle, environmental factors and diet. The contribution of a diet to the development of obesity interlinks with the other factors. However, understanding the precise contribution of diet can provide vital information required for understanding the genesis of obesity. This research paper aims at finding out how energy imbalance (excess calories) due to the consumption of high carbohydrates and fat grams contribute to obesity. To answer this question, I will first of all need to understand the molecular basis of obesity. I have to understand the metabolism of carbohydrates and fat grams. Carbohydrates and fat grams come from different food sources. Therefore, I need to find the carbohydrates of fat grams that pose a substantial risk. I will need to consult a number of sources such as journals, authorities and internet sources to acquaint myself with the information I need to answer my research question. Some of them include Journal of Obesity, International Journal of Obesity, Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Journal of Biological Chemistry. Others include Surgeon General.gov, CDC, NHANES, Obesity.org, Obesity.aso.org/U.K, American Nutrition Association.org, Nutrition.org/Nutrition Society.org and Eat Right.org. Once I understood the molecular basis of obesity, I will need to analyze the role played by calories as a result of consuming high carbohydrates and fat grams.

Works Cited

Blackburn, G., and Kanders, S. Chapman & Hall Series in Clinical Nutrition. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 1994.Print.

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Obesity Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008. Web.

Surgeon General. Obesity. Surgeon General, 2001. Web.