Sustainable Development Analysis

Sustainable development is the model that is applied while using the raw materials that are available to satisfy our requirements without tampering with the environment because we want these materials to be used by the generations that will come after we are gone. Sustainability is the ability of the raw materials to remain intact and still be adequate after being exploited for a given period of time.

I strongly believe that sustainable development will not lead to a sustainable future because there are various challenges that will take ages to be solved. According to Hasna (2007), these aspects include poverty which hinders most nations from adopting sustainable development even though they are aware of the consequences of not adopting it. For instance, all countries would be happy to adopt green technology to reduce their interference with the environment but then they don’t have enough finances to enable them to apply the necessary models.

Let’s take deforestation as an example. Many forests are being cleared to pave way for human settlements and also for industrial use and the only way of retaining these forests is to encourage people to plant more trees to replace the ones that have been cut and also regulate the cutting of trees. Cohen and Winn (2007) argue that these policies can only be implemented when there are adequate funds and proper regulatory mechanisms. This is because the public needs to be sensitized about the importance of trees.

According to Aguirre (2002), Industrialization has led to the inventions of technologies that improve productivity but on the other hand, this equipment emits gases into the atmosphere which then pollute the environment but since the most efficient technologies are very expensive to maintain, industrialists prefer to continue using the initial technologies. Consider the use of petrol in vehicles which causes pollution to the environment. Although most countries are opting for green technology which extracts fuel from plants there are very few farms where these plants can be grown due to the increase in the human population.

Barbier (2007) advises governments to ensure that developers and investors don’t interfere with the environment and also should encourage the recycling of materials to ensure the environment is safe from pollution. This is because some of the naturally available resources have already ceased to exist hence the generations that will come after we are gone will only read about such resources but they will never live to experience their usefulness.

The human population has increased greatly and thus the available resources can hardly sustain us and that’s why countries such as China have employed a one-child policy just to make sure the population does not outgrow the available resources (Wallace, 2005).

Human activities are posing a great risk to people. For instance, the recent oil spill did not only interfere with the ecosystem but also messed with our food security because the oil does not allow oxygen to go through it hence the animals that live in those waters had to die because the plants harbor oxygen ceased to exist. It is perceived that the seafood market will decline in that region.

The only way that sustainability can be enhanced is to recycle the resources that are obtained from the environment, but again most of the materials can not be recycled, such as sand which is harvested from the rivers for construction purposes. The areas where these exploitations have been taking place indicate that in the future they will be completely inhabitable and useless.

If you visit areas where stones (quarries) are being harvested you will realize that the landscape has been eroded hence such lands lose their significance and pose a great risk to people who live nearby. This is because the increase in the human population has led to the increase in building materials to build more houses and yet stones can not be recycled. This means that future generations will have to look for artificial materials to meet their needs.

According to Heal (2009), sustainable development does not only apply to industrialization, it is also manifested in other sectors such as tourism which contributes to the stability of an economy. Animals attract foreign visitors and since most of them are being killed for their skins and horns they are becoming extinct. This has made many governments and conservationists employ technology to ensure they keep track of such animals using the geographical positioning system. This technology is effective because it helps to conserve these animals for future generations and it does not interfere with the environment.

Therefore, it is important for people and government institutions to look for methods of enhancing the quality of the ecosystem. Recycling resources and green technology are some of the strategies that can be implemented to ensure a certain degree of sustainability. In essence, sustainable development may not lead to a sustainable future since technological innovations are deemed to change and the effect of such development may not guarantee sustainability.


Aguirre, M.S. 2002. Sustainable development: why the focus on population? International Journal of Social Economies, 29(12). pp. 923-945.

Barbier, E. 2007. Natural Resources and Economic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, B. and Winn, M.I. 2007. Market imperfections, opportunity and sustainable entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 22 (1), pp. 29-49.

Hasna, A.M. 2007. Dimensions of sustainability. Journal of Engineering for Sustainable Development: Energy, Environment, and Health, 2 (1), pp. 47-57.

Heal, G. 2009. Climate Economics: A meta-Review and some suggestions for future Research. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 3(1), pp. 4-21.

Wallace, B. 2005. Becoming part of the solution: The Engineer’s Guide to sustainable development. Washington, D.C: American Council of Engineering Companies.