Global warming refers to the continued heating of the earth’s surface. A lot of explanations have been put forward to demystify its occurrence. The most plausible explanation of the causes of global warming is the argument that global warming is caused by human beings. Another major argument that has drawn substantial controversy about the global warming problem is the argument that the reason behind the occurrence of global warming is the fact that the sun is becoming warmer (Weart, 2004, p. 21). This theory has been put forward by people who believe that the activities of man have no connection with global warming. However, it is common knowledge that greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere by the activities of human beings are the main cause of global warming.
Global warming has many adverse consequences. It has led to the melting of icebergs and consequently caused the warming of the sea which creates harsh living conditions for the marine ecosystem. This has led to the endangerment of certain species in the ocean which thrive under cold conditions. It has also led to the melting of icecaps on mountain tops which leads to more global warming and threatens various species. The melting of ice caps on mountain tops leads to more global warming since before they melt, they act as reflectors of heat. Global warming is also associated with the extinction of certain terrestrial species and the frequent migration of others. It has also led to dramatic climate change that has adversely affected the production activities carried out by man (Shah, 2011, p. 1). As evidenced by this discussion, the consequences of global warming are innumerable and thus they can not be exhausted. It is the responsibility of man to reduce the rate of global warming and mitigate its effects because the problem affects man in a major way.
Remedies to global warming
The remedies to the global warming problem are multifaceted depending on who holds the responsibility of taking remedial action. The government, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), corporations and even private individuals can all give input in the quest to curb the global warming problem. Let us have a look at the contribution each of the above parties can make.
The local and national government
The local and national governments can play a very important role in reducing global warming. This is mainly by developing policies that are geared towards achieving this objective and creating an enabling environment for any other person or organization willing to make a contribution towards reducing this problem. For instance, the government, through responsible, ministries may develop policies related to climate change that will address the national issues that worsen the global warming problem. The government may also develop legislation that will limit the activities of major contributors to the global warming problem (Shah, 2011, p. 1). For instance, the government may intervene in situations where the activities of corporations lead to the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. It may also develop legislation governing the kind of vehicles that are roadworthy in order to avoid the release of more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Corporations, perhaps, have the greatest responsibility towards the reduction of the global warming problem. This is because they are, arguably, the main source of greenhouse gases that are responsible for global warming. This is especially the case with corporations that are involved in manufacturing. Among the most important inputs they can give in a bid to reduce global warming is the proper disposal of their effluents. They should ensure that gases that are emitted from their manufacturing processes are vented in a proper way so that they do not lead to more greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (Weart, 2004, p. 45). In cases where the corporation is able, the gases should be neutralized before they are vented in order to prevent them from increasing the rate of global warming.
NGOs have played a very important role in the efforts to reduce the global warming problem. Among the things they should capitalize on is the creation of public awareness about global warming that will make people be cautious of their activities. NGOs should also advocate for the closure of corporations that do not observe guidelines for global warming prevention. They can also advocate for the planting of trees which is very instrumental in reducing global warming. NGOs can also partner with the government to implement policies related to global warming and climate change.
Private individuals also have a role to play in reducing global warming. Among the major things they can do is to plant trees, be cautious of their energy choices and choose the kind of vehicles they use wisely, as well as develop a culture of carpooling. The stated energy choices may include a reduction of energy needs by ensuring that their water heaters are insulated. They should also ensure that they use appliances that are in good condition to avoid energy leaks (Braasch, 2005, p. 1). Energy-efficient cars and cars in good conditions will also be instrumental in the effort to reduce global warming.
As evidenced in the discussion above, there are many ways through which the problem of global warming can be reduced. The best method for reducing the global warming problem is the development of legislation that will help protect trees and advocate for reforestation and the development of legislation for regulating industrial effluents. This is the best method since industrial effluents are among the major contributors to global warming. Additionally, trees are an effective way of reducing the carbon dioxide that is already in the atmosphere.
Braasch, G. (2005). Global Warming. Web.
Shah, A. (2011). Climate change and global warming. Web.
Weart, S. (2004). The Discovery of Global Warming. New York. Wadsworth Publishers.