Migration and Health: Key Effects

Three Effects of Colonisation on Indigenous People

First of all, one of the most significant effects colonisation makes on the indigenous people regardless of location is the withdrawal of land. Every colonial campaign in human history resulted in the displacement of the native population. The lands given to them were those that the colonisers did not deem attractive or useful. That way, the nations who used to live freely and have unlimited territories are faced with regulations as to where they should or should not go.

Secondly, the newcomers were the sources of diseases to which the indigenous people were not immune. As a result, massive epidemics hit the native populations and led to the extinction of some tribes and cultures.

Thirdly, the colonisers were driven by white supremacy and treated the indigenous people with disrespect as if they were inferior both culturally, and intellectually. In many cases, the native populations were dehumanised and enslaved which resulted in neglect and multiple conflicts between the two sides.

Two of the Unique Challenges of the Sami People

First of all, the Sami people of Northern Europe stand out due to their stretched outlands that belong to the territories of such countries as Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Russia. Since different portions of the Sami populations live under different legislations and economies, they become affected by the pace of the development of the countries they identify with. As a result, the policies regarding their rights and lands are inconsistent.

Secondly, the Sami people are connected to their lands, and the impact on their culture coming from the other nations causes anxiety and depression that leads to growing rates of suicide among young reindeer-herding men and creates a massive negative impact on the population and its future.