In the United States, various topics are being debated. However, among the most contentious and debated topics is whether marijuana ought to be legalized or not. Strong advocates for the legalization of cannabis claim that marijuana should be legalized since it has numerous medical benefits. Yet, the opponents strongly assert that cannabis should be considered illegal due to its high latent abuse.
From the impetus that currently surrounds the topic under discussion, it is evident that various movements have gained momentum on the legalization of medicinal cannabis (Stateman, p.9).
In California, there are regions where the legalization of marijuana has been endorsed. In fact, a number of American citizens currently suppose that cannabis needs to be legalized. Others appear to be very skeptical about the adverse effects and health damage caused by medicinal marijuana (Rubens par.2-5).
This paper examines the impacts and debates associated with the legalization of medicinal marijuana.
Economic effects of medicinal marijuana legalization
Conversely, the legalization of medicinal marijuana has impending economic influence as it can impressively reduce the costs while engendering major growth in supply. The rising prospect of medicinal marijuana legalization might lead to bulk production, thus plunging returns to the indigenous manufacturers. Several scholars assert that marijuana has gradually occupied the economic space in the United States.
This owes to the degeneration in industries that deal in fishing or timber ((“Marijuana Legalization and Regulation” par.1). Besides, the legalization of medicinal marijuana would reduce the US overreliance on a solitary resource in boosting the economy. This alters the ongoing ancient pattern that has inhibited and put the diversification of the economy and its environs in danger for many years (Reilly par.6).
Further, the medicinal marijuana legalization helps the US to assess the yearly gross dollar influence. About the export of the resource, the nation is capable of estimating the amount that marijuana donates to the economy plus the quantity of cash disbursed by the country in production. Thus, medicinal marijuana legalization is important as it possesses both long and short term effects on the US economic balance.
As deduced by certain researchers, more federations in the United States have legalized the use of cannabis for recreation. As a result, the legalization has augmented competition in both small and large scale (Harrah par.3-5).
The US setting suffers a direct impact economically provided the dollars accruing from medicinal cannabis are washed-out from the nation’s budget. A study by Bradford (2012) reveals that every one dollar used in the US would be sociable six times beforehand use by foreign nations (par.7). One dollar is at present paid out at the confined retail industries that alternatively make revenue and occupations for the inhabitants.
The dollar will circulate in diverse industries such as gas stations, acting scenes, eating places, grocery stocks, and retail stores. The American economy in fiscal 1960 was on the rise following the immigration of residents from the Area Bay. The famous immigration saw the production of medicinal cannabis replace fishing and wood businesses.
The federal acts render medicinal marijuana as a drug falling under class I and are comparable to heroin and cocaine. It is in any form unlawful to vend, consume, or cultivate by any individual. The federal laws should allow for the legalization through plummeting cannabis to fall under class II drugs to boost the US economy.
The legal representatives in some state districts allow medicinal marijuana business but federal forces convict and seizure bhang growers and compel them to greater penalties and lengthy prison terms. The national and local agencies have progressed in the direction of legalizing the growth and business of medicinal ((“Why We Should Not Legalize Marijuana” Par.5).
Discussions on the legalization of medicinal marijuana debates
The grounds why medicinal marijuana needs to be legalized are many. These grounds outweigh the rationale behind its illegalization. For instance, the Olympic swimming champion, Phelps Michael, later appeared in the global news for consuming cannabis. This hurt Phelps repute and made him lose some cash in approval. These reports rekindled discussions on whether medicinal cannabis should be lawfully recognized or not.
Most debates conclude that the United States needs to legalize medicinal cannabis. Research has proved that the drug is neither hazardous nor very addictive as most opponents alleged. When marijuana is legalized, it might assist in stopping drug trafficking cartels and aid in impeding criminal or gang activities.
This implies that the U.S. economy will have an opportunity to save additional funds (“Why We Should Not Legalize Marijuana” Par.5). This cannot be realized unless marijuana, which has numerous medical benefits, is legalized.
Supposed the US decriminalizes the ingestion of hashish, the effects triggered by an unlawful bunch of criminals and illegitimate drug peddling will be narrowed. For instance, the Mexican Bureaucrats and the United States drug implementation organization raided a dispensation complex used to cultivate cannabis.
They found about nine thousand stacks of cannabis that were valued at four billion US dollars. This money was used to sustain businesses run by drug cartels besides financing various criminal activities. Hence, the American streets will be safe if the rivalry amongst drug dealers and gangs is reduced. This can only be realized if the use of medicinal cannabis is endorsed (Stateman p.11).
In fiscal 2002, scholars conducted a study on the consumption of medicinal marijuana. Students were the study participants. The results showed that 74.0% had not tasted marijuana, but 77.0% had already tried it in the past years (Messerli par.10). However, it was confirmed that the use of cannabis hardly results in the consumption of other more harmful drugs.
The legalization of medicinal cannabis appears to be a rather intricate issue that is being opposed by most individuals and groups. The ground behind the opponents’ claims cannot offset the various grounds why cannabis ought to be legalized.
It is perhaps very essential to be acquainted with an account of laws that surround medicinal marijuana to understand the grounds why the drug ought to be legalized. In the fiscal 1930s, various unenthusiastic misinformation concerning cannabis and its consumption emerged. For instance, in the financial year 1937, a popular movie dubbed ‘Reefer Madness’ depicted the negative effects of marijuana.
Reefer Madness showed that innocent teenagers experienced soul-destroying effects from the consumption of violent sedatives (Gwynne 23). In 1938, the legislature had to pass the Marijuana Tax Law due to the off-putting info on medicinal cannabis. As a national regulation, the Excise Law of Marijuana allowed the national administration to detain any person who consumed hashish, albeit the nation’s legitimization of its usage.
This brought about various lawsuits, confusions, as well as unwillingness to research cannabis by the health sector. Thus, if marijuana laws could have been altered, the medical industry might have done many research studies on the drug. Lawsuit cases could have been reduced, and all citizens might have benefited from this.
Most individuals, however, have their assertions why they believe medicinal marijuana should not be legalized. According to NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuses) director, Volkow Nora, marijuana produces adverse behavioral, emotional, mental, and physical changes when consumed. For example, when teenagers increase the level of marijuana consumption, their development can be negatively affected.
The drug is harmful to the lungs and can cause short-term judgment, verbal skills, and memory impairments (Gwynne 23). Nevertheless, research studies conducted on the health effects caused by medicinal cannabis is open to doubts. Most studies have proved that in case the use of cannabis has negative outcomes; they could be mild.
Sanctioning the use of cannabis can weaken the drug cartels and well as lessen organized street crimes. Decimalization is another benefit that comes from endorsing the use of medicinal cannabis. The United States incurs higher costs to prosecute and punish lawbreakers.
In California, Gray James, a superior court judge claimed that the state could save up to one billion US dollars if it stopped the imprisonment and persecution of the nonviolent cannabis consumers (“Marijuana Legalization and Regulation” par.1).
A study conducted in 2005 showed that the U.S. could gain about 6.20 billion dollars annually in the country resorted to the taxation of medicinal cannabis at similar rates imposed on alcohol and tobacco products. Therefore, the benefits accruing from the legalization of cannabis can help the U.S. to increase its financial strength and evade the harsh economic times.
Moreover, similar sets of laws imposed on alcohol and tobacco consumption can proscribe the consumption of marijuana by minors. Most anti-marijuana activists object its consumption by asserting that the drug is addictive. Research studies conducted by medical experts reveal that cannabis is just mildly addictive.
There are two standard reports from California University and Addiction Research Center that compared the level of addiction of marijuana, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, cocaine, and heroin.
From these research reports, it emerged that bhang was addictive to a smaller extent as compared to nicotine that was highly addictive when all drugs were studied. The legalization of medicinal marijuana is only criticized given that the drug acts as an opening to the consumption of other dangerous drugs (The UMHS Pulse” par.1).
The legalization revenues
Marijuana intake inflates auxiliary in an authorized marketplace in which joints are easily and economically accessible. The growth of mild potions from marijuana is one of the aspects that will possibly magnify the mandate for lawful hashish in the imminent days. Consequently, it is equitable to legalize marijuana and estimate the ultimate intake to nearly thirty million joints in a day.
Restricting the farming of marijuana for individual consumption is perhaps despairing. Bhang legalization enables the hefty cannabis consumers to be enticed with the home growers who provide for a larger portion of usage. The economy will get a boost since the home gardeners will engross the extensive share of multiple day-to-day usages that caters for almost sixty percent of the entire marketplace (Gieringer and Carter 22).
The home gardeners fascinate twenty percent of the ingestion given half a dollar cut out tax plus the least expense of a dollar in every joint. This leaves the market demand ranging from 12 to 24 million joints per diem, thus yearly tax revenue of around 2.3-4.5 billion dollars.
Equally, the commercial consumption is cut in a range of 10-18 million joints (40%) given one dollar cut out tax plus any price not less than two dollars in each joint. This produces nearly 3.3-6.4 billion dollars in tax revenue every economic year (Gwynne 24). Decriminalization of bhang would generate several revenue-generating related industries that in turn, generate more than 100,000 businesses from 60,000 stores.
In their study, Gieringer and Carter asserted that legalization authorizes husbandry of important crops like hemp, resourceful roughages, protein, biomass, and fat (20). In each year, the invention of hemp will compete with the farming of the most important products like soybeans and fiber that presently fall in the profit of almost 5 to 10 billion dollars.
Moreover, legalization would sidetrack the economic demands as of the supplementary drugs thus result in further investments. The US government is obliged to save approximately 10 billion dollars, suppose the legalization is set to bridge the contemporary narcotics implementation expenses form 35% to 25%. In general, the values seem inflated, but the advantages of legalization to the US economy are undeniable, substantial, and merits to be accepted.
It is evident that Cannabis has some pessimistic impacts on the United States economy. The medicinal benefits of cannabis contribute to the justifications as to why the drug ought to be legalized. The information on legalizing marijuana indicates that there are no reported death cases resulting from cannabis consumption. When compared to alcohol and tobacco, cannabis is less harmful to individuals’ physical condition.
The drug can substitute about 10 to 20% of the medical prescriptions currently used. NIDA reported that cannabis has active elements that can be used to treat nausea, spastic muscles, pain, glaucoma, and appetite stimulation (“The UMHS Pulse” par.1).
Since marijuana has numerous economic benefits that are unenforced, the U.S. administration has no grounds to avoid sanctioning cannabis consumption. Thus, there are various grounds justifying why cannabis ought to be legalized as opposed to the weak assertions explaining why the US needs to ban it.
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