Human resource management, also known as personnel management is the body of an organization whose core function is to ensure that all activities are done through the management of people/workers. This is part of the general manager’s job, but due to the emergence of very large organizations, the development of human resource specialist has been very significant if at all the business has to run smoothly.
All employees in any organization form a very significant part of the organization’s assets. Despite this reality, many employees have been and are still undervalued in almost all organizations. With the many changes especially technological changes, organizations have to ensure that they employ people who are capable of dealing with the changes in favor of the organization.
This is where the human resource manager comes in to enhance performance in employees. The main principle in the field of human resource management is to bring out the best in every single employee putting into consideration that individual employees have specific goals assuming that they all have a collective objective of positively contributing to the success of the business.
The field is, therefore, viewed as an innovative approach towards performance improvements in the workplace through training and other services that promote performance.
The case against human resource management
Despite the very significance of human resource management, some employers as well employees are really against its development. Many employers who resist the development of human resource argue that it only increases the cost of manpower which consequently reduces the expected profit.
However, with the implementation of the right to work laws in many states today, trade unions are left with no power to demand payments from employers for programs concerning employees. There is, therefore, no need to fear the burden of extra costs on human resource development.
Although the development of human resource management in any organization may seem to increase the output of the business in terms of salary payments to the specialists and costs for services such as training, such effects are eventually counteracted by the increased production at the end of the production period resulting from the efficiency of the workforce.
It is only logical that a little output from a business directed to ensure full performance of employees will increase profits even more than the normal production would have been it not for the development of the human resource services. Also, there may seem to be no need to develop this field because the level of education is increasing day by day and employment opportunities are so low that qualified and skilled personnel will always be available for employment opportunities.
However, despite the availability of qualified personnel, there is a need for the provision of human resource services such as training and coordination in the workplace that is equally necessary for achieving full productivity. Contrast to what it may seem to may that the human resource department aims at overworking the employees; the department aims at attaining maximum production based on each employee’s goals as well as those of the organization.
Besides, the training services are helpful to employees, not only in the workplace but also in their real-life situations. The human resource management may seem to be of less help to any business especially when uncertainties come in. For instance, a human resource manager cannot control changes that come along with technology or in other cases absence of workers, say due to sickness.
Therefore, basing an argument on uncertainties and changes, this field may not seem as necessary as we think. When this happens, for instance, in the case of changing technology, all the business may need is to purchase the new equipment and use it in production. However, the human resource manager is required in such circumstances to first make decisions concerning the change.
If new equipment, for instance, needs to be bought, the human resource manager needs to plan for the purchase of the item, training services to workers on how to use it and the convenience of purchasing it as well, things that would be overlooked in the absence of a human resource manager.
Case in support of human resource management
As competition in the business world keeps on increasing, many organizations are now developing the human resource management field in their businesses. This is because, as discussed earlier, employees are the most important assets in any business set up. Therefore, management of the employees is equally important in the success of a business.
The human resource management field has been developed to ensure that the full productivity of all employees is achieved at all times. The field, therefore, ensures that only qualified and competent employees are employed to help facilitate full productivity. Also, the department takes a move ahead to provide training services to employees because it believes, not just on knowledge, but on practice and performance as well.
Due to the speciation of duties, the department is in a better position to make recruitment policies and be in charge of all disciplinary activities, all with the unified aim of maximizing productivity. Additionally, reward services such as salaries and wages are provided for by human resource management, and this ensures that employees are satisfied with their rewards.
As we all know, effective communication is equally important in any business, as the personnel is. Since the general manager of any business can hardly create time to talk directly to employees and address their concerns, human resource management takes that role very well by giving the employees the chance to air their problems and other concerns.
By directly interacting with the employees, human resource management is in a better position to understand or even see the working conditions the employees are exposed to, and it is, therefore, able to improve on that, something which plays a role in productivity.
For any organization to attract and maintain employees in an effective way, human resource management takes into consideration specialization, and division of labor where different employees are assigned duties which they can perform best and the workload is divided into smaller divisions to make employee productivity faster and most importantly, effective.
Another very important aspect of human resource management is time management within employees and even other parties involved from the outside. This ensures convenient delivery of goods or equipment which in turn facilitates the timely production of goods to customers.
The human resource management field, therefore, incorporates all its various duties with the one aim of contributing to the achievement of the organization’s goals (Bureau of Labor Statistics). However, human resource management cannot achieve these goals on its own.
It, therefore, has to work in conjunction with the rest of the administration. More so, human resource management in today’s business does not only deal with personnel matters but also participates in the decision making the process of the business as a whole.
Participation in such crucial; activities as well as experience gained from personnel management may be of more help to many individuals in that one may attain the credibility to obtain general manager job opportunities or even obtain the management skills necessary for own business management.
Human resource management is, no doubt, a very important component in any organization, not only to the business itself but also to the employees and individual managers.
Human resource management is filed in business which specializes in personnel operations. The main objective of human resource is to ensure that the full potential of employees is attained through production by facilitating the effective execution of duties.
To achieve this objective, human resource management performs the specific duties of recruiting qualified and competent employees, planning and providing training services to all employees and most importantly, ensuring the provision of good working conditions from which the employees can explore their skills.
Human resource management is also responsible for reasonable rewards to employees as well as providing opportunities through which the employees can interact with the management through the human resource management department.
Although a few people, especially employers in small businesses may resist the development of a human resource, many organizations are now adopting its development due to the positive results in productivity seen in companies which developed the field earlier. This development is made much easier by the provision of human resource management courses in various colleges and universities which ensures that the presence of specialist on the field.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. Human resources, training and labor relations managers and specialists. Web.