Human Papillomavirus Infection in Women

As it has already been stated in the previous paper, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a widespread problem that influences the lives of a great number of people. Under modern conditions, it is diagnosed and the attempt to investigate its character and influence on the health of people are made. Thus, we have already admitted the fact that this virus can be passed to people in various ways, and sexual contact among them. Females, who have vaginal, oral, and anal contacts are in the risk group, especially if the contacts are unprotected. The situation is complicated by the fact that according to the research by Luis Barroso (2013) “a total of 90% of anal cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of the anal canal” (p.81). Under these conditions, the HPV becomes more dangerous for females, who practice anal sex. The thing is that this sort of contact can be rather traumatizing and microtraumas, that could appear in the process, make the contagion easier. Barroso underlines the fact that the risk of the appearance of anal cancer is great and in the majority of cases, this disease follows unnoticed till its final stages (Barroso, 2013). Due to these facts, the necessity of vaccination becomes obvious as it could protect a person from getting HPV. Moreover, females are in the risk group because of peculiarities of their health and social status because they suffer from sexual violence. Under these conditions, Barroso concludes that the issue of HPV and its influence on the appearance of anal cancer are interrelated and people should use the practice of vaccination to protect their health.

Another problem, which is very topical for women, who have the virus of HPV, is its positive influence on the development of cervical cancer. According to Ene et al. (2015) “human papillomavirus is the most common cause of cervical cancer worldwide” (para. 1). That is why the necessity of some urgent measures becomes obvious. The authors also state the fact that HIV-infected woman also has a great risk of getting HPV as their immunity is weakened by the illness (Ene et al., 2015). For this reason, the research, which main aim was to determine the peculiarities of HPV among HIV-infected women, was conducted. The author obtained the results which showed that these women obtained a new sub-type of the virus. That is why the clinical research of newly changed types of HPV to understand the main mechanisms of its influence on the organism of a woman is needed. Finally, the authors try to stress the fact that being in the risk group, HIV-positive women need special attention because their life is in great danger.

With this in mind, resting on the ideas suggested in these papers, it is possible to make a certain conclusion. It becomes obvious that nowadays HPV is a great problem that should be investigated. According to this research, females have an increased risk of anal or cervical cancer to the extent that they have HPV. Under these conditions, vaccination could be taken as a way to reduce the level of threat and help women to protect themselves from various sequelae of the contamination. Finally, further investigations of the given issue are needed as the issue of Human Papilloma Virus is very dangerous and deteriorates the quality of life of women.


Barroso, L. (2013). The role of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination in the prevention of anal cancer in individuals with Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) infection. Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines, 1(2), 81-92. Web.

Ene, L., Voinea, C., Stefanescu, C., Sima, D., Duiculescu, D., & Metha. S. (2015). Cervical HPV infection in Romanian women infected with HIV during early childhood. International Journal of STD & AIDS, n.pag. Web.