Home > Essay Examples > Governments, Democracy and Society
Updated:

Governments, Democracy and Society

Words: 1671
Paper Type: Essay
Subject: Social & Political Theory

The modern governing system is a complex network of political parties, and the work of such parties involves moving towards the administration and order in the country. Very often, there are inequalities in the rulings of the governments and social divisions. The battle between different classes in society, democracy, human rights and the type of government is born through people having private property and the amount, as well as quality of the said attributes connected to the government and its goals.

The reality shows that there are many people who possess much more than is needed for the necessities of life. This can be said about any society, as there are always people who are more successful than a large portion of the population and this is true of any nation. Globalization is starting to change the world and countries that are underdeveloped, starting to demand their rights met.

Are proper rulings and social functions only possible among democracies? To answer this question, the past, present, and future states of many countries must be considered. There are numerous efforts that are being made today to determine the proper system of government. As the awareness of the need for democracy is increasing, more and more countries are joining in the efforts to support the countries, which need a peaceful resolution of conflict and wars.

There is no denying that democracy has many more benefits over an authoritarian tyrant. Even in a democratic government, there is, sometimes, a break down in the communication but the majority and parties will focus on the task, thus dividing the work and being more productive in attaining a positive outcome (McKay 91).

There are places in the world that are considered the third world, but there are still people who are very wealthy and have enormous political or social status. This begs the question of how this happened and what are the results according to the greater good of society. One of the causes of such division is the number of opportunities that people are presented with. The conditions that exist for a certain individual become favorable in such a way that they can produce more gain with what they have.

This leads to much faster development of an individual. The amount of capital that one has is a key instrument in the development of further resources. The purpose of any government is to establish order, support people of the nation, and protect their rights and freedoms. Examples when this does not happen, and governments abuse their authority are numerous. When this happens, people demand justice by fighting against the government and overthrowing the rulers.

Arab Spring is one example of such uprisings that takes a form of demonstrations, protests, and sometimes violence (Panara 10). The major focus of the uprising was the violation of human rights, and people demanded the government to change the way it was carrying out the order. People have been fighting for an acknowledgment of human rights, which the government has been violating. The irony about the situation is that the protests were peaceful and were focused on humanity, but the outcome was quite the opposite.

Police, the army and other government enforcers have turned the protests into a violent outbreak. The Arab world now realizes that democracy is possible, and it works. As a result, protests have erupted into violence, while in reality, it was begun by the government. This means that the whole regime must be overthrown. Any government that allows itself and others such form of ruling must be taken down.

Another example of people protesting and demonstrating, demanding to change the policies and regulations is the “Occupy” movement. It started because of an issue that was dominating for some time. The market and economy of the world are run by those in power and with vast resources, so it is understandable why people would be displeased. It was a righteous protest, as it is unfair that 1 percent of the population holds all the wealth while the rest drag behind.

The fact that 99 percent of the population has to live on the verge of the middle class or below is unacceptable by any standards. People were demanding a better distribution of money and an adjustment of the taxation system. It is a correct policy where taxes are larger for those with greater property and more wealth, while those with fewer resources can be exempt from paying certain fees.

Those who want to start own business, need money for development but they are forced to pay the same amount to the government, as the businesses that are extremely prosperous and make millions of dollars (“Occupying Wall Street: The Inside Story of an Action that Changed America” 3).

One of the problems of the governmental system is that it is centralized; this leads to an inability to close detail the issues that are the concern of localities and communities. The government should adhere to the issues of society and the needs of the majority. It is extremely difficult to analyze the necessities of people when the physical and moral location is so far away.

The working class is forced to exist down below, as they have no voice and ability to spring to power. This type of life was existent before and is continuing. People are very much limited by their resources and ability to voice an opinion that will be heard. One of the most important aspects of any national and working-class movement is the organization. The population must be educated on the current issues and unite with the common goal.

The main point is to establish a democratic government. It is also desired that countries increase their standards to the international level and join in the mission to help others. This is the time when the developed and the developing worlds should come together in the common direction towards democracy and world peace. This can be seen as a globalization of the world but without the negative effect, which is usually attributed to globalization, in destroying the fabric of the country and its culture.

The countries that are members of NATO are all liberal market democracies, and the decisions taken are usually put forward by the richest members. Moreover, in finding ways on how to address the poorer nations and help them find new ways of functioning, the members simply try to include their participation in the market economy, instead of helping directly.

The implementation of certain conditions that would require the country to change economic and political set up and act as a trade-off would receive financial aid for these purposes. It is greatly noticeable that the cooperation between the counties with democracy is beneficial to the partnering nations. Comparing to the countries where there is anarchy, people live for a constant fight with the hope to someday attain victory.

The political system of the world makes cooperation very hard but not impossible. One of the most important aspects of democracy between democratic countries are the citizens and the opinions and relationship they have with the population of the fellow country. At the same time, the non-democratic countries are not trusted and respected, and this is exactly why democratic countries were ready to go to war with non-democracies (Kultgen 172).

Classical conservatives define true national freedom as a privilege that must be controlled from reaching chaotic behaviors. Freedom itself is a good thing, but when people are allowed to do whatever they want, they start to act in their interests and to the detriment of society. The government exists, so that it places certain restrains on the individuals in their actions. It must be a part of the orderly system that acts in the greater good of the whole society.

The government is beneficial, as it sets criteria on what people can and cannot do, in a civilized manner, thus contributing to the freedom of everyone equally (Sargent 70). The liberals suggest that a government is true when it acts in the greatest benefit of people, works towards disarming of the military while conservatives apt for armed control.

There has been an idea that in case disarming does take place, if there were a chance of war breaking out, the peaceful countries would gather their forces in advance. This would create a great amount of force and deter any violent conflict.

In the study of the reasons why democracies have the right idea, realism is the method that is used most often. It is governed by the criteria that all states move towards power and security while having an anarchic system. And in reality, it is the international system and not the governments themselves that determine the policies of a country. There were several studies that tried to find out the real reason why there was no open conflict between democracies.

Some research showed that alongside war, there were questionable conditions: civil strife, trade practice, covert subversion. At the same time, there was crisis-management, alliance membership, international treaties, and dispute mediation. In reality, it is hard to establish if the democratic countries are more perfect. There have been countless research that tried to prove if this fact is indeed true.

The results showed controversial information; with some even being that this statement is not true. The problem lies in the times that these researches were carried out and the way the society and the world organizations defined the proper state of affairs, conflict, and peace. Very often, it was said that the only thing that these countries avoided, was openly violent conflict.

Throughout history, the government has exhibited certain qualities that stay the same, even in modern days. People are always demanding better lives, and the governments come up with reasons why these demands cannot be met. In the end, the social battle is between two organizations. The government which has all the resources, power and control, and the social class that struggles to make ends meet and support the order and proper ways of life.

Works Cited

Kultgen, John. Problems for Democracy, New York, NY: Rodopi, 2006. Print.

McKay, David. American Politics and Society, New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Print.

Occupying Wall Street: The Inside Story of an Action that Changed America, New York, NY: OR Books, 2011. Print.

Panara, Carlo. The Arab Spring: New Patterns for Democracy and International Law, Danvers, MA: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013. Print.

Sargent, Lyrman. Contemporary Political Ideologies: A Comparative Analysis, Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.