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Exercise and Depression

Words: 1405
Paper Type: Essay
Subject: Psychology

Introduction

Exercise is an instrumental aspect of human life. This paper tries to examine the link between exercise and depression. It claims that exercise has the capability of keeping one’s psyche fit. Moreover, it asserts that exercise is cost-effective since it treats depression and other mental disorders.

It, therefore, deliberates that exercise is effective in controlling mental disorders and hence essential in decreasing depression. This research is backed with the findings from credible sources. Moreover, it entails a detailed explanation of exercise by researchers like Penny McCullagh. This paper will provide an in-depth analysis of exercise and its benefits.

Does the author provide an overview of the problem to be addressed in the study?

The author provides a brief but detailed overview of the topic. In the process, the author recollects previous information on benefits of exercise. The author mentions the previous research on advantages of exercise, which include its ability to decrease one’s risk of getting coronary heart disease and cancer. In addition, the author mentions its ability to reduce risk of a stroke.

The others include improvement of blood metabolism, bone density, and immune system. The author uses this information to introduce research problem. Research problem inquires on the effects of exercise on the brain. Among the choices the author provides as answers to research problem is exercise. The author goes on to provide evidence of findings done to achieve these results.

Moreover, American Psychological Association gives a detailed description of the research conducted by Penny McCullagh, PhD. The author also mentions conclusions reached on the benefits of exercise. It can thus be seen that enough evidences have been collected to support research question.

Moreover, the author has provided a brief but focused overview on the benefits of exercise to one’s health. It is also essential to note that this overview addresses the topic of study as well as the findings used.

Did the author present evidence of knowledge of the topic of research through references to and descriptions of relevant and current research?

The author presented credible evidence based on the references utilized for research. The researcher referred to information from the peer-reviewed journals, which were relevant to the topic. Moreover, researchers mentioned in the findings are well conversant with the topic of study. Information from such sources is, therefore, considered credible.

The journals from which information was retrieved include psychosomatic medicine, archives of internal medicine, exercise, and sport sciences reviews. These are peer-reviewed journals with relevant information to the topic of research. It is, therefore, of great importance to note that information used is significant in addressing the topic of the study.

Moreover, these references are relevant to the topic of research. Furthermore, it should be noted that the references utilized present information with both historical and contemporary bearing. For instance, one source was published in 1990 and thus provides a historical background on the issue. On the other hand, another is dated 1999 and gives updates on the developments in the topic of research.

Finally, the most current reference is dated 2000 and provides information on the latest discovery and findings in the fields related to the topic. In addition, it supports the research with the evidence of current findings. The article is, therefore, well-researched.

How did the author make the case for the importance of the research question?

The author started by giving a brief literature review on known benefits of exercising. Through this, the author was able to familiarize audience on the importance of the research topic (exercise). Moreover, the researcher managed to arouse the audience’s curiosity on the next findings associated with exercising. The author then introduced the topic of research with a research question.

This was important as it kept the audience focused on the need for finding an answer for the research problem. Thereafter, the author managed to answer research question by probing the findings of various psychologists, such as James Blumenthal, Michael Babyak, and Penny McCullagh. Moreover, the author discussed conclusions arrived from after a thoroughly scrutinizing eight studies relating exercise to depression.

This led to conclusions, which suggested that exercise was good for the brain. The conclusions reached included the fact that exercise was considered as an antidepressant both on the long- and on the short-term basis. Moreover, it also found that exercising was essential more to people with poor health than it was to the healthy ones.

Moreover, it was important for both males and females. In essence, the author managed to bridge the gap in existing knowledge by introducing a new idea. Moreover, the author provided an interpretation of the studies on benefits of exercising.

Did the author explain methodology and design of the study to answer the research question?

The author mentioned quantitative research conducted on eight studies to come up with the results. After a thorough review of these studies, the author arrived at seven conclusions on the benefits of exercising. Moreover, the author also mentioned researchers who aided studies on the research topic. These include Penny McCullagh, and others. In essence, the author used findings from meta-analysis of eight studies on the topic.

Research was, therefore, based on other sources. The author designed statistical analysis in this research having drawn data from the previous findings from eight studies. This was effective because at least five findings are usually essential for any credible study. Material assessed were previous studies on the topic of research. These were documented for use in reaching conclusions.

Data was collected through collection of databases related to the topic of study. However, the author did not divulge much on the process of inclusion or exclusion of data utilized. However, the author mentioned that a team of psychologists including Penny McCullagh was responsible for conducting the study and coming up with the findings. Moreover, the author analyzed data with support from references.

Did the author present the results and findings of the study?

The author presented findings reached by the researchers from the study. In fact, the author listed seven findings made by North, McCullagh and Tran. In addition, the author also introduced new research questions on the link between exercise and treatment for depression. Furthermore, the author provided information on significance of exercising as well as practical application of the same.

The fact that research findings were relevant to the research question is of great essence. For instance, research question asks if the audience was aware that exercise was good for their health. In response, the findings note that exercise is antidepressant in a short and a long run. It is also worth mentioning that the effect of exercising is beneficial to both genders.

Moreover, it notes that exercising is more effective in unhealthy people than in the healthy ones. Similarly, it works better for older people than for the younger ones. In essence, these conclusions address research question. In addition, the author introduced a new question on the relation between medication for depression and exercise.

They reached a conclusion that exercise was better than medication based on their findings. In essence, results and findings were relevant to research questions.

What are the conclusions drawn from the research findings. What areas were not studied and what areas may be important for future research?

Research findings concluded that exercising was important for fitness of psyche. In addition, it was found that exercising provided better treatment than medication. Again, it was claimed that exercising was effective in people irrespective of gender. Moreover, it saved costs in treatment for mental disorders or depression. Other research findings concluded that exercising was more advantageous for older people than for the younger ones.

In addition, when combined with psychotherapy, effects of exercising were pronounced. It was also found that the longer the exercise the greater the effect. Besides, both aerobic and aerobic exercises were proved to be effective. However, the author mentioned that walking and jogging were the most common excises performed. It is imperative that future research be focused on other forms of exercising.

Conclusion

Exercising is essential to human brain. It reduces depression. In addition, it minimizes the risk of getting mental disorder. The author studied crucial findings, which revealed cost effective measures of controlling depression. Exercising is, therefore, found to be significant in human life style.

Moreover, two most frequently exercising forms were found. Further studies should, therefore, be focused on exploring more forms of exercising. Otherwise, the paper is well-researched with credible sources from the peer-reviewed journals.