Ethics and Morality in Philosophy

Ethics are a concept taking base primarily in general human moralities and the application of those rules and guidelines in a private and public environment. It is considered to be the most important moral criteria that people have in behaving towards others and the self. It is encountered everywhere: work, personal life, society, family, and all other possible aspects of human activity.

Ethics itself is a set of fair principles and laws that govern a just and civilized world. Sometimes, there are instances when government’s organizations and social institutions seem to steer away from moral and humane laws that are expected in a perfect situation.

The same can be said about business ethics, which refers to how people’s morals and fairness are used in agreements and decisions between companies and organizations worldwide. Not to mention that ethics can be forgotten and skewed in personal relations and obligations.

The main idea of ethics is that it closely correlates with the laws of society, and even though people’s kindness and respect are expected, it is not necessarily present. People often find themselves in situations where they must determine what the best thing to do is, and the best criteria in choosing “rights or wrong” is using ethical principles.

A work titled “Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong” by Louis Pojman examines people’s morality and regulations of a just society. As every individual is different, their view of morality is somewhat different. There are many issues that arise when analyzing the relationship between personal gains and ethics. Social ethics and virtue often relate to one thing, which is being respectful and honest towards others and the general society.

There are universal laws, which guide people to be morally correct using rational thinking. Their reasons might be related to the reward of “a good feeling” after they commit a good deed. Or they might feel a moral obligation to help someone because they have the ability and ways to accomplish that. For some people, it becomes a lifelong quality and a part of their character.

In the most general views on ethics, people must do what is necessary about the greater good. People will always feel inconvenient due to the environmental changes and conditions that regulate existence, but nothing is as precious as someone’s life and respect for the self and others.

The ethical and moral codes set out by the government in the form of laws reflect the general concepts of goodness and ethical attitude and behavior. The duties and responsibilities are based on the moral codes which require respectful and equal treatment to all.

These ethics reflect the qualities that every person possesses. But, the unfortunate fact is that there are circumstances when it is hard for people to be ethical or morally correct. This is why it is important to create a system that bases its laws and regulations on the highest moral standards. Utilitarianism states that people must focus on the greater good for all people and maximize happiness in the process.

The most basic aspect is the utilization of the situation in such a way that everyone does not suffer and get the most out of the actions of actors. The results or consequences of actions are what matters, so people should make their selections very carefully. One of the most important criteria of utilitarianism is the balance between happiness and unhappiness, which is a concept of ethical and immoral behavior.

The philosophy of morality and ethics determines the laws that should be the guide for every human being. Immanuel Kant has extensively written on the topic of ethics and by what principles people should behave. Even today, Kant’s work on the highest moral principles is adequate to outline the truth and essence of life.

One of the mentioned facts made by Kant is that a person should always tell the truth, and should be the most important and primary obligation of a human being. From one perspective, it is possible to see the inclination that rules a person to always tell the truth. Even though there might be severe and unwanted consequences, a person who always tells the truth acts in the highest order.

There is no denying that sometimes, truth is unwanted and makes things worse but in the end, it is most beneficial. It can be said that some things are better left unspoken and that small lies are meant to make people feel better. There are some situations where the immediate effect of telling a lie is positive, but it is only momentous. Even if it’s meant to make someone feel better about themselves or their surroundings, the final result will be the truth.

Because a lie was told to make someone feel better, the negative effect of telling such lie will be increased once the truth is found out. Not only the person will be displeased with their false thinking, but they will also be said that they were lied to. Also, the fact that they acted upon a lie will depress them even more and a lot of time and energy will have been wasted on a fact that does not exist (Rohlf 2010).

There is no doubt that there is a lot of unethical and immoral behavior in the world. Businesses and governments, as well as social organizations, try to gain most by doing the least, and ethics become distant. Often, there are consequences of such behaviors, and people pay for being deceitful and immoral.

There are many philosophers who have speculated on account of ethics and morality. Their views are mostly similar, agreeing on the concept that morality is a necessary part of human life, and it should be guiding the actions and thoughts of every person. For example, there are many issues that arise when analyzing the relationship between healthcare and ethics. The medical staff is required to help people, not only professionally but also morally.

The medical profession in today’s world is expected to have the highest moral standards. People’s wellbeing is very important, and those who choose to involve themselves in helping others professionally have a responsibility to be kind and caring.

Another example is the ethical and moral codes set out by the management of a company or governmental organization. These regulations reflect the general concepts of goodness and ethical attitude and behavior.

The duties and responsibilities are based on the moral codes, which require respectful and equal treatment to all employees, as well as the public or private persons who become consumers of a product or service. These ethics reflect the qualities that every person possesses.

It is important to create a system of life that bases its laws and regulations on the highest moral standards of ethics and equality. Without moral guidelines, life would be unfair and chaotic with negative consequences for everyone.

Works Cited

Pojman, Louis. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing, 2011. Print.

Rohlf, Michael. Immanuel Kant. 2010, Web. 25 Dec. 2013.