Pollution refers to introducing something toxic or harmful to the environment. It is classified into the land, air, and water pollution. Indoor air pollution refers to harmful gas released in people’s residence from interior sources. It poses a big threat to our health as human beings as it might lead to headaches, eye irritations, asthma, and allergies. Thi,s research will analyze four causes of indoor air pollution in the house.
Air pollution is brought about by combustion products. Sources of combustion products include gas stoves, fireplaces, mosquito coils, candles, and incense. These products emit harmful gasses like carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide when combusting.
The second cause of indoor air pollution is the use of pesticides which cause acute poisoning and may also cause allergy and headaches. Thirdly, indoor air pollution is also caused by the application of solvents such as fabric softeners, deodorizers, and cleaning products. Also, paints, glues, resins, polishing materials, hair sprays, and perfumes also fall under this category of solvents.
The fourth cause of indoor air pollution is organic pollutants, which include animal dander, pollen grains, and agents that cause infection. Dog dander and cat dander are harmful pollutants in many households that keep pets. The toxic gas produced by animal dander causes allergies, headaches, nausea, and sore throat. Animal dander usually makes an individual’s house to have a foul smell, and this may end up even affecting their health in a negative way.
Nevertheless, considering the solutions to these four cases, the problem posed by combustion products can be solved by ensuring that if an individual uses improved stoves for cooking in the house, they should have chimneys and hoods as this will help combat pollution caused by gas stoves. Furthermore, fuel dying can be done to avoid pollution caused by the various types of fuels usually used in households.
Pollution caused by cleaner fuels can be eradicated through proper ventilation by having windows, ventilation holes, eaves spaces, or using a kitchen which is separate from the house. It is of utmost importance to also keep children away from smoke as they may be choked to death.
The second solution addresses the use of pesticides in the house. Pesticides should be used when there is no one in the house to avoid allergies, nausea, and headaches. Furthermore, pesticides should be used in rooms with adequate ventilation systems and also pesticides used in households should be approved by a regulatory body that sets health standards and regulations.
The third solution relates to the use of solvents. Individuals should ensure that solvents used in their houses are applied when windows are open to provide room for proper air circulation. Finally, pollution caused by organic pollutants can be solved by keeping the dogs and cats outside. Although an alternative to solving this issue of animal dander training dogs or cats so that they understand how they will relieve themselves appropriately outside.
I will be able to measure the pollution indoors using Q-Trak indoor air quality monitor and the Terr essentials’ home air quality test kit. These instruments measure carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide as well as the level chemicals contained in perfumes and solvents. Also, to test for the presence of molds, fungus, bacteria, and formaldehyde, I will use mold kit that will be strategically installed in the house.
The success of these methods will hugely depend on how well these instruments are used as well as where they are installed in the house.
Their application leads to a reduction of pollution in the house since I will be able to monitor the pollution level and thus take corrective measures such as always ensuring there is enough ventilation and also cleaning the house regularly. The Instruments also have a critical level that if the pollution reaches, they sound an alarm.