Baker, D. W., Williams, M. V., Parker, R. M., Gazmararian, J. A., & Nurss, J. (1999). Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy. Patient Education and Counseling, 38, 33-42.
The article by Baker, D. W., Williams, M. V., Parker, R. M., Gazmararian, J. A., & Nurss, J. (1999) examines the creation and various modifications that were faced by the so-called Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) which is used to assess the abilities of various people in reading and comprehending the materials related to health and health care. The major focuses of the article are the reduction of the Prose and Numeracy items in TOFHLA, after which the test was called S-TOHFLA, and the comparison of the latter to the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) in respect of the ratio of their mutual correlation.
Thus, the authors argue that after the number of Prose items was reduced from 3 to 2, and the number of Numeracy ones from 17 to 4, the effects of the test and the scores received by its participants grew drastically. As the time for test-taking was reduced by 10 minutes, the scores reported (0.68 for numeracy and 0.97 for prose among the sample of 211 participants) impressed the scholars and demonstrated the direction for further test development. Moreover, S-TOFHLA correlation with REALM amounted to 0.80 which allowed the scholars to conclude that they are on the right way of improving TOFHLA as a means of improving people’s awareness of health care issues.
Accordingly, the article is a reliable source of information on the development of assessment quizzes in the area of health care. It was written by reputable specialists in this area, and its data are supported by scholarly research results.Golbeck, A. L., Ahlers-Schmidt, C. R. & Paschal, A. M. (2005). Health Literacy and Adult Basic Education Assessments. Adult Basic Education, 15(3), 151-168.
The current article by Golbeck, A. L., Ahlers-Schmidt, C. R. & Paschal, A. M. (2005) is an attempt to identify if there exists any adequate and efficient means in the modern society capable of both promoting health-awareness among people and assessing their knowledge on health preservation. The major focus Golbeck, A. L., Ahlers-Schmidt, C. R. & Paschal, A. M. (2005) face in the work is the consideration of Adult Basic Education (ABE) System as a means of enforcing literacy and numeracy in the society.
This system was introduced by the Workforce Investment Act in 1989 as means to “help adults become literate and to obtain the necessary skills for employment, self-sufficiency and/or completion of secondary school education, as well as to develop the skills to help in the educational development of their children” (Golbeck, A. L., Ahlers-Schmidt, C. R. & Paschal, A. M., 2005).
However, the authors stress the lack of attention to health and health care in the ABE. The authors consider the arguments of other scholars, including Barlow, Williams, and Wright (1999) who call health a basis of the successful learning and call for the Government to include the health care education in the ABE system. Considering REALM and TOFHLA, the authors call them insufficient for the proper health literacy development and try to offer the new solutions to the problem.
Accordingly, the article under consideration is a reliable source of data on health literacy and numeracy issues. It is created by the reputable scholars, and its focus encompasses not only the critique of the situation but also the proposal of the solution to the problem raised.