Application of Electoral Colleges in the US

Electoral College is a body that is entrusted with the Vice President and the President of the United States election. The body’s mandate of this representative democracy is enshrined in the constitution of America (Agnew and Shin 337). The Board of electors forms after every four years to ensure that the President and his Vice are smoothly and wisely elected. The membership of the Electoral College stands at 538 electors, whereas, the absolute majority of the voters, 270 in number or more are deemed to decide on the voting day. The current paper discussed Electoral College, its advantages, and its impact on a president’s legitimacy.

The United States is among the largest nations in the world. Application of Electoral Colleges is a shrewd manner to handle critical decision-making processes in such a populated country. Whereas some individuals are opposed to this method of the presidential election, the outcome of the voters’ decision is aimed at taking care of the needs of the American people (Agnew and Shin 339). In the recent two elections, there have been debates on the role of the Electoral Colleges during such a prominent exercise, since the outcome of the votes does not depict the decision of the majority of the American people.

Therefore, suggestions are put forward by lobby groups and individuals to do away with the Electoral College. This is because the voters feel that the use of popular votes overrides the decision made by the Electoral College, who act on their behalf during voting (McKinney, 2020). The lobbyist agitating for the popular voting mechanism also argues that members of the Electoral Colleges can be influenced by the individual presidential candidates. This is a daunting task since the claims are termed as political based, by those who support the Electoral Colleges system of the presidential election (Agnew and Shin 300). The use of Electoral Colleges is taken as a means of distributing popular support because of which the members of the Electoral College vote in trends of their backyard support to a particular presidential candidate. The unity of the country is promoted through the same system since the elected president receives distributed voters over the regions. The election of the US president through Electoral Colleges gives a minority a say over their democratic rights since it is a form of guided democracy.

The voices, opinions, and interests of the minority are factored in the decision-making process since a national level of support is needed by the Electoral College. Through the use of the Electoral board, political stability is created in the United States, since the parties in the US are two, Democrats and Republicans. Depending on the voting pattern, it will mean that the most popular party will elect many Electoral College voters. Additionally, the Electoral College promotes a national representation in the incoming government. This further affirms that a consensus can be reached since the United States formed based on taxation with no representation is a generally bad idea (Yoo 30). The existence of independent political bodies and the government is ensured through the Electoral College, but not in popular majority voting. All States and the Districts enjoy equal representation in the house of the senate and Congress. Despite having the good sides, those opposed to Electoral Colleges argue that it has created possibilities of a minority president being elected in the government. For example, Bill Clinton was elected as the President even though he garnered slightly less than 50% of the popular votes (Foley 600). This means that the Electoral College’s interests and decisions override the popular majority.

In a case where not any one of the presidential candidates receives 270 votes, any presidential candidate with an Electoral vote is legible to be elected by the legislative arm of the government. The risk of electors having no faith in their presidential candidates is possible in Electoral College voting (Foley 660). The structure of the Electoral College can influence the outcome by voting or not voting. This is contrary to the popular majority voting system where no elector can change the result of an election through voting or by failing to vote. Electoral College has led to voter apathy in some elections since citizens feel that they do not fully enjoy their democratic right of voting for their preferred candidate (Virgin 44). According to McKinney, in 2016, candidate Hillary Clinton comprised of 15 to 29 points ahead of Donald Trump, many weeks before the election (280). The republicans and independent candidates did not need to cast their votes since the winner had created a bigger margin.

The use of the Electoral College may not be the sole reflection of the will of the citizens (McKinney 280). A true picture of this can be related to the 2016 case. Trump had been receiving 35% of the Republican votes, 30 for Rubio, and the remaining 30 voted for Ted (Foley 654). Trump only won the primaries due to the split between Ted and Rubio. Moreover, he still failed to win the majority votes in the final presidential elections (Foley 664). The legitimacy of the presidential election has been pegged on the method of election.

In a summary, the United States is a democratic nation with a well-structured constitution that guides the citizens. Those chosen as the delegates of Electoral Colleges must understand the importance of their duties before casting their ballots. The presidency of Donald Trump has been debated on legitimacy grounds. The matters revolving around elections are contentious since they are directly linked to politics. The Constitution of the United States should be repealed to allow for clear decision-making through majority votes during the presidential elections.

Work Cited

Agnew, John, and Michael Shin. “The Counties that Counted: Could 2020 Repeat 2016 in the US Electoral College?” The Forum, vol. 17. no. 4, 2020, pp. 227-564

Foley, Edward B. Presidential Elections and Majority Rule: The Rise, Demise, and Potential Restoration of the Jeffersonian Electoral College. Oxford University Press, 2019. 578-797.

McKinney, Madison. “Electoral College Reform: Past, Present, and Future Implications of the United States Electoral College System.” Williams Honors College, 2020, Web.

Virgin, Sheahan G. “Competing loyalties in electoral reform: An analysis of the US electoral college.” Electoral Studies, vol. 49, 2017, pp. 38-48.

Yoo, John. “A Defense of the Electoral College in the Time of Trump.” Pepperdine Law Review, vol. 46, no. 4, 2019, pp. 2-79: Web.